EU to secure agriculture trade pact after Morocco’s warning

Job losses could drive Moroccan farm­ers to migrate to Europe, where countries are struggling to cope with influx of migrants.

Moroccan Foreign Minister Salaheddine Mezouar attending EU-Morocco association council in Brussels

2017/02/12 Issue: 93 Page: 19

The Arab Weekly
Saad Guerraoui

Casablanca - The European Union has said it would take appro­priate measures to pre­serve its partnership with Morocco and secure an agriculture trade agreement after Rabat warned that failure to imple­ment the accord would bring dire consequences for both parties.

“Ours is a model partnership, rich and multidimensional,” said EU High Representative for For­eign Affairs Federica Mogherini and Moroccan Minister Delegate for Foreign Affairs Nasser Bourita in a statement after their February 7th meeting in Brussels. “The EU and Morocco are determined to pre­serve and develop it,” she said.

The statement said that “partner­ship between the EU and Morocco is the fruit of a patient construction of almost half a century” and that talks between the European Union and Morocco would continue in an “atmosphere of serenity and mu­tual confidence”.

The meeting was several weeks after a December 21st statement from Mogherini and Moroccan For­eign Minister Salaheddine Mezouar announced that the European Un­ion’s top court had overturned a de­cision by a lower tribunal to quash the European trade deal with Mo­rocco.

That ruling was a blow to the Polisario Front, a separatist move­ment seeking independence in the Western Sahara, which had ar­gued that the 2012 trade deal had been illegally applied to the dis­puted Western Sahara. An EU court agreed, annulling the trade deal on those grounds and in early 2016 Ra­bat suspended ties with Brussels.

The Court of Justice of the Euro­pean Union (CJEU) on December 21st overruled the general court’s decision, concluding that the liber­alisation agreement does not apply to Western Sahara.

“It must be held that the Front Polisario cannot, in any event, be regarded, in light of the arguments on which it relies, as having stand­ing to seek annulment of the deci­sion at issue. Consequently, the action must be dismissed as inad­missible,” the CJEU ruling stated.

Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony annexed by Morocco in 1975, has been the centre of controversy for decades. Morocco maintains it is part of its kingdom but Polisario Front separatists have pushed for an independent state. A bloody conflict between the Polisario Front and the Moroccan state left thou­sands dead before a UN ceasefire in 1991.

Before the meeting in Brussels, Morocco’s Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries warned that failure to fully implement the accord would jeopardise thousands of jobs in Morocco and Europe, trigger a new flow of migration to Europe and place the continent at risk.

Agriculture accounts for 15% of Morocco’s gross domestic product and employs 40% of the country’s workforce. About 80% of agricul­tural jobs are in rural areas. Job losses could drive Moroccan farm­ers to migrate to Europe, where countries are struggling to cope with an influx of migrants.

Illegal immigrants, especially from sub-Saharan Africa, try to cross from Morocco to the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla every day.

“We have a free trade agreement, a win-win partnership,” said Mo­roccan Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Aziz Akhannouch. “Un­fortunately, there are areas of un­certainty about everything that is prepared in Brussels. As a minister of Agriculture, I still haven’t under­stood the commission’s position in relation to the southern zones.”

“We do not want to enter the in­ternal kitchen of the European in­stitutions,” he said in reference to EU courts, the European Council and the European Commission.

Akhannouch warned that if the trade protocol is not fully imple­mented, he would reach out to trading partners in Russia, the Unit­ed States, China or Africa.

Professor Lotfi Abourizk, from the Hassan II faculty of Law and Economics in Casablanca, said Akhannouch’s warning was com­mon sense.

“I think Akhannouch’s declara­tion was very logical,” Abourizk said. “It is a European problem that has to be resolved within European institutions.

“Morocco is right to up the tone because it has other potential mar­kets to exploit should the EU fail to fulfil its obligations.”

Saad Guerraoui is a regular contributor to The Arab Weekly on Maghreb issues.

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