Israel boosts missile defences against Hezbollah

If David’s Sling is soon deployed, Isra­el will have theoretical ability to knock out all variants of surface-to-surface missile in Hezbollah’s arsenal.

A 2016 file picture shows an inactive version of Israel’s air defence system David’s Sling at a media event at Hatzor Airbase near Tel Aviv. (Reuters)


2017/02/19 Issue: 94 Page: 11


The Arab Weekly
Nicholas Blanford



Beirut - Israel’s mid-level anti-missile system known as David’s Sling is close to becoming operation­al just as tensions are building once more between the United States and Iran.

The system passed its final tests in January amid expectations that it could soon be deployed to de­fend sensitive sites in Israel against Hezbollah’s arsenal of missiles and rockets, estimated by Israel at about 140,000 of all types.

David’s Sling is a mid-level anti-missile system, wedged between Iron Dome, which is designed to shoot down short-range rock­ets, and the Arrow system, which targets ballistic missiles outside Earth’s atmosphere, Israel’s first line of defence.

In January, the Israeli Air Force deployed its first units of the Arrow 3, the latest and most ad­vanced weapon of the anti-missile armoury

At the end of January, Iran fired a Khorramshahr medium-range mis­sile, the first test launch since US President Donald Trump took of­fice. Trump tweeted that Iran was “playing with fire”.

Michael Flynn, then US national security adviser, said the Trump administration was putting Iran “on notice” and the US government im­posed fresh sanctions on companies and individuals connected to Iran’s ballistic programme. In response, Iran conducted further test-firings on February 4th.

“The recent test was in line with our plans and we will not allow foreigners to interfere with our de­fence plans,” Iranian Defence Min­ister Hossein Dehghan declared on February 6th.

Iran and Hezbollah have long de­pended on rockets and missiles as a form of deterrence against Israel. Since the end of the 34-day war in 2006 between Hezbollah and Is­rael, the Lebanese group is believed to have amassed new and longer-range missiles, some fitted with guidance capabilities.

In February 2016, Hezbollah Sec­retary-General Hassan Nasrallah warned that his organisation “has the ability to cover the entirety of occupied Palestine with missiles. We must keep this capability be­cause it acts as a deterrent for the third Lebanon war.”

If David’s Sling is soon deployed alongside Iron Dome batteries, Isra­el will have the theoretical ability to knock out all variants of a surface-to-surface missile in Hezbollah’s arsenal.

Israel’s anti-missile network, however, cannot overcome the strategic challenge posed by Hez­bollah’s rockets, which is not re­lated to the number of casualties caused nor the amount of damage inflicted but to shutting down the Jewish state.

In February 2000, three months before Israel abandoned a border strip it had occupied in Lebanon since 1978, a surge of Israeli casu­alties triggered air attacks against Lebanese infrastructure targets.

Expecting Hezbollah to swiftly launch a barrage of Grad rockets into northern Israel in reprisal, the Israeli government ordered a 48- hour state of emergency in which some 300,000 residents were moved to bomb shelters.

Hezbollah never fired the rock­ets. Instead, the mere threat was sufficient to paralyse northern Is­rael. About 80% of the population of Kiryat Shmona, the main town in northern Galilee, had fled the expected bombardment. Economic losses ran at $2.4 million a day.

The presence of a multi-tier an­ti-missile defence system arrayed across northern and central Is­rael will not change these strategic problems if another war breaks out. Israeli intelligence estimates that Hezbollah will attempt to fire up to 1,500 missiles a day in that conflict.

Hezbollah would be expected to launch its short-range weap­ons, with a reach of up to 70km, in swarms to overwhelm anti-missile batteries. Even if Iron Dome and Da­vid’s Sling achieve an 80% hit rate against the predicted onslaught, that would leave 300 projectiles striking Israeli territory daily, com­pelling civilians to seek cover.

In the past, the threatened ar­eas in Israel were limited to the far north but given the longer range of many Hezbollah rockets today, all of Israel is under threat.

In the event of another war, Israel will be effectively paralysed with airports and seaports closed and schools and businesses across the country shut for the duration of the conflict.

Israel’s influential Institute for National Security Studies conclud­ed in January that Hezbollah’s vast arsenal of missiles and rockets “are turning Hezbollah into the most severe threat currently facing the (Israeli military) in particular and Israel in general”.

Given the scale of the threat, some analysts say Israel must keep the conflict as short as possible by unleashing its air force to wreak unrestricted havoc across Lebanon — far in excess of the destruction wrought in 2006 — to force Hezbol­lah to stop.

“The results of the third Lebanese war will be devastating,” Giora Ei­land, former head of Israel’s Nation­al Security Council, warned in 2016.

“A war declared between Israel and Lebanon, where Hezbollah is part of the national political infra­structure, will cause great damage to Lebanon, which nobody’s inter­ested in — not Lebanon, not the US, not Europe, Syria or Iran.”


Nicholas Blanford is the author of Warriors of God: Inside Hezbollah’s Thirty-Year Struggle Against Israel (Random House 2011). He lives in Beirut.


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