Fears grow that Israel might risk surprise strike to cripple Hezbollah

There has been a notable increase of Israeli air strikes against suspected arms shipments bound for Hezbollah.

On watch. An Israeli soldier looks through binoculars as he monitors the southern Lebanese village of Kfar Kila. (AFP)


2017/05/14 Issue: 106 Page: 12


The Arab Weekly
Nicholas Blanford



Beirut - For more than a decade, the assessment that an­other war between Israel and Hezbollah would be massively destructive to both sides has helped create a mu­tual balance of terror resulting in a cautious calm along Lebanon’s southern border with the Jewish state.

But mounting tensions between these long-time foes have given rise to a belief among some diplo­mats in the region that Israel may be mulling a pre-emptive strike against Hezbollah on the premise that a conflict with the Iran-backed Party of God is inevitable and that Israel would gain much by striking the first blow despite the expected heavy retaliation against its cities.

Given a constant build-up of Iranian arms by Hezbollah, its ex­perience in fighting conventional battles in the Syrian war and its ap­parent moves to control territory in the Syrian-held sector of the war-divided Golan Heights over­looking northern Galilee, some Israeli officials appear to consider that a short, sharp offensive to de­grade Hezbollah’s military assets and reduce the threat it poses in the short to medium term is en­tirely feasible.

“The thinking in Israel about a pre-emptive attack appears to be changing,” a Western diplomat said. “It seems they’re taking this possibility seriously.”

Similar views were heard recent­ly from other diplomats in Beirut, both resident and visiting.

In April, an analysis in the Jeru­salem Post claimed that some Is­raeli officials were “openly speak­ing about a pre-emptive war under which Israel would strike first to significantly degrade Hezbollah’s capabilities before they could be used in a full-fledged conflict.”

There has been a notable in­crease in recent weeks of Israeli air strikes against suspected arms shipments, including advanced weapons, inside Syria bound for Hezbollah, underlining Israeli leaders’ view that stronger pre-emptive action is required.

“These weapons have promoted a distinct sense of alarm inside Israel’s Kirya, their Pentagon,” analyst Jonathan Schanzer of the Washington-based Foundation for Defence of Democracies observed on April 29.

“Officials say the hardware would reduce the Israeli edge significantly when the next war erupts.”

Nevertheless, while the option of a pre-emptive strike may be un­der discussion in Israel, it is hard to visualise the government there risking a unilateral attack against Hezbollah in Lebanon.

The Israelis would have to elimi­nate a wide range of targets from the outset to inflict as much dam­age as possible before Hezbollah could retaliate with a missile ar­senal Israelis claim totals some 150,000 weapons, including long-range precision systems capable of reaching virtually everywhere in the Jewish state.

Israel did just that in the 2006 war against Hezbollah. In the first two days of fighting, its air force destroyed some of the longer-range missiles among the 13,000 the party had then but it failed to eliminate Hezbollah’s firepower completely. And these days, its ar­senal is reportedly ten times great­er than in 2006.

An Israeli strike would undoubt­edly inflict widespread destruction and large loss of life in Lebanon, drawing swift international con­demnation and straining the abil­ity of Israel’s allies to support the surprise offensive.

It is widely understood that Is­rael favours a short war — a week or so — to wreak as much destruc­tion as possible to force the Beirut government to push for a ceasefire while driving to eliminate the Par­ty of God as a threat.

Such assessments, however, fail to appreciate that the Lebanese government, which includes Hez­bollah, has little real influence over the party, which is more powerful than the Lebanese Army, or com­prehend the party’s determination to prolong the fighting for as long as possible.

Hezbollah knows that the longer a war lasts, the greater the domestic and international pressure on Israel from which Hezbollah could lever­age a more favourable outcome.

Even if Israeli military officials can make a case for a pre-emptive strike, the political and diplomatic consequences could be disastrous for the Israeli government.

However, Israeli security analy­sis Alex Fishman wrote in the Je­rusalem Post on April 30: “The Iranian takeover of Syria… is no longer just Israel’s problem. There is a feeling in Jerusalem that if and when Israel is forced to put an end to the Iranian crawl into the Go­lan Heights, it will receive strong American backing.”

If a broader pre-emptive assault against Hezbollah in Lebanon ap­pears unlikely, Israel could attack Hezbollah and its allies if they be­gin to deploy opposite Israeli lines in the Golan Heights, two-thirds of which Israel has held since 1967.

Conversations with sources close to Hezbollah over the past two years, along with several un­claimed small-scale attacks against Israeli troops in the Golan since late 2013 that bore the stamp of Hezbollah, leave little doubt that Iran and its Lebanese ally seek to establish some form of bridgehead on the contested strategic plateau.

The problem potentially facing Israel is whether to risk launching a broad offensive against Hezbollah in the Golan in the hope of shatter­ing its enemy’s ambitions, which could risk triggering all-out war, or to continue with isolated tactical strikes to try to slow an inevitable build-up of Hezbollah forces along Israel’s north-eastern corner.


Nicholas Blanford is the author of Warriors of God: Inside Hezbollah’s Thirty-Year Struggle Against Israel (Random House 2011). He lives in Beirut.


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