Iraqi artist’s attempt to tap into children’s imagination

Empowering imagination. An illustration by Baghdad-based artist Evan Hikmet. (Courtesy of Evan Hikmet)


2017/12/17 Issue: 136 Page: 23


The Arab Weekly
Nazli Tarzi



London - War colours the life of every Iraqi the way sunrays spill into unlit spaces. What it has failed to do is paralyse the country’s imagina­tive capabilities. It’s the weapon of choice that Baghdad’s newest crop of artists are using to inspire crea­tivity and combat cultural decay.

“With or without government funding, it’s what we do,” Baghdad-based artist Evan Hikmet said.

Though not the path Hikmet orig­inally set on, warming responses from towering illustrators, includ­ing Abd al-Rahim Yassir, Shafiq Me­hdi and others, reassured Hikmet as she tilted from fine arts to children’s book drawings.

Hikmet graduated from Bagh­dad’s fine arts academy in 2008 and worked in print journalism, which she left for the world of picture il­lustration.

“Knocking on the door of chil­dren’s imagination isn’t easy,” said Hikmet, despite having moved comfortably into her new role.

The subsequent chapter of her career unfolded at Dar al-Thaqafa, a government institution that pro­motes children’s education and cul­ture.

“My assignments mainly involved translating written words into im­ages, whether short stories, articles or books,” Hikmet said.

She more recently turned her sights to publishing, working with writers Qassim Saadawia and Ithar Mattar and the newly formed gov­ernment-funded publisher of chil­dren’s books Dar al-Farashat (House of Butterflies). Hikmet has been approached by European authors wanting an Arabic folklore flavour to accompany their printed works.

With time, practice and self-train­ing, Hikmet has developed her own, locally inspired signature style: Characters that represent different stages of Arab history, sharp lines, prominent facial features, land­scapes made of swirling patterns and vivacious colours.

Despite war-imposed restrictions that limit artists’ freedoms, chang­ing conditions are shaking up the largely male-dominated profession. Hikmet is one of many rising female artists, with various publications to her credit.

Art, she said, not only inspires but educates young minds like a fireball that opens the way for children to discover their self-worth.

“The seeds of our electronic ritu­als have been sown in every Iraqi household that it is impossible to disentangle children entirely,” Hik­met said. “What we are doing is rais­ing awareness through community outreach initiatives some of which make it to the mainstream, while others don’t.”

Hikmet discussed the advantages of using social media to publicise her works and initiatives seeking to raise inquisitive and intellectually fed generations. Their efforts serve as measures against illiteracy but the problem is even greater.

Iraqi culture is being bled towards a slow death.

“Interest has stooped to an all-time low when we look at the pur­chase of artistic creations and art show attendance, ceremonial at best,” Hikmet said.

As far back as the 13th century, il­lustrations have animated the pages of manuscripts in science, physics, astrology and medicine to assist the readers’ acquisition of knowledge.

Iraq’s best-known manuscript illuminator, 13th-century artist Yahya al-Wasiti’s comic-like Maqa­mat al-Hariri tales left a veritable storehouse from which many con­tinue to draw inspiration.

Hikmet’s folklore-infused im­agery reworks something intangible from this ancient past, “a spirit,” Hikmet describes, casting its shad­ow over her works. “Iraq always finds its way in,” she says.

Iraq’s treasured history nurtures the old and young.

The role of illustration in Iraq has noticeably shrunk but initiatives springing from the bottom up are combating apathy and promoting the rights of Iraqi children the world has forgotten about.

A newly founded centre Markaz al-Mutanabbi al-Saghir, in the heart of Iraq’s literary boulevard — Mu­tanabbi Street — where workshops take place, is a big stride towards this collective endeavour.

Hikmet and local artistic troupes tour disadvantaged communities and invite parents and children to raise awareness about these mat­ters. As Hikmet advised: “Children should be flipping pages, tracing words with their hands — smell, touch and feel these books.”

Drowning children in books is not so much the aim as reprogramming the way society views child devel­opment. Data from UNESCO indi­cate that the literacy rate for Iraqis aged 15-24 had dropped from 84.8% in 2000 to 52.3% in 2013 and was 43.7% — down from 74.1% — for all Iraqis 15 and older.

If they don’t, the steady growth of illiteracy may permanently alter the century-old Arabic proverb: “Books are written in Egypt, printed in Leb­anon and read in Iraq.”


Nazli Tarzi is an independent journalist, whose writings and films focus on Iraq’s ancient history and contemporary political scene.


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